Greenpeace International has released findings from research into hazardous chemicals in branded clothing and footwear on sale in 25 countries in 2013.
Finished textile products can contain certain hazardous chemicals used during their manufacture, either because of their use as components of materials incorporated within the product, or due to residues remaining from the use within processes employed during manufacture.
The study follows on from, and extends, research recently published by Greenpeace International that identified a range of hazardous chemicals in textile products sold by major brands (Brigden et al. 2012, Greenpeace 2011a, Greenpeace 2012a).
These previous studies determined the concentrations of nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs) in a broad range of textile clothing products. The later study also determined the concentrations of carcinogenic amines released from azo dyes within dyed fabric and phthalate esters (commonly referred to as phthalates) in fabrics bearing a plastisol print – a
suspension of plastic particles, commonly PVC or EVA, in a plasticiser, used as ink for screen-printing images and logos onto textiles – as well as using a broader qualitative chemical screening method to identify the presence, as far as possible, of other hazardous chemicals present within some of the products.
The latest study determined the concentrations of a broader range of hazardous chemicals in a variety of textile clothing and footwear products, consisting of 82 products across many countries of manufacture and sale, and representative of a wide range of major clothing brands. In addition to the hazardous chemicals included in the previous reports, this current study also investigated the concentration of perfluorinated and polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) and of antimony in certain products. The findings and full report can be read here....